Here are some chess puzzles from the games of 1800-50.
White to move and win except where noted.

Solutions are between the brackets under each puzzle.
Drag your cursor from one bracket to the other.
Puzzles of 1800-1850 Print Version Available

a)
White Mates in 3. Napoleon I vs Madame de Remusat, Rueil, 1804
r1bq1b1r/ppp4p/2n3pn/3kp3/4N3/5Q1P/PPPP1PP1/R1B1KB1R w - - 0 1
[ Bc4+ if Kxc4 Qb3+ ]

b)
White Mates in 5. Napoleon I vs General Bertrand, St Helena, 1818
r1bk2Br/1pppb1pp/8/p3P3/4P3/1Q6/P5PP/qNB2R1K w - - 0 1
[ Rf8+ Bxf8 Bg5+ Be7 Bxe7+ ]

c)
White Mates in 3. William Evans vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1826
r3k2r/ppp2Npp/1b5n/4p2b/2B1P2q/BQP2P2/P5PP/RN5K w kq - 0 1
[ Bb5+ ]

d)
White Mates in 3. William Evans vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1829
r1b3kr/ppp1Bp1p/1b6/n2P4/2p3q1/2Q2N2/P4PPP/RN2R1K1 w - - 0 1
[ Qxh8+ ]

e)
White Mates in 4. Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1834
r2q1rk1/pp5R/3p4/n2PNb2/2p5/2Q4P/P1B3PK/R7 w - - 0 1
[ Nf7 ]

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1800's Puzzles, Part II. White to move and win except where noted.
a)
Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1834
4r1k1/2R1P1p1/p2p3p/p2r1nN1/N2b1p2/7P/P4PP1/4R1K1 w - - 0 1
[ Rc8 ]

b)
Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1834
r1b2k1r/pp6/3p2R1/4bP1p/2B5/2N2p2/PP5P/2K3R1 w - - 0 1
[ Rg8+ Rxg8 Rxg8+ Ke7 Nd5+ if Kd7 Bb5# ]

c)
Alexander MacDonnell vs Louis De La Bourdonnais, London, 1834
r1bq1rk1/pp1p2pp/2n1p3/2b5/8/2NB4/PPP2PPP/R1BQ1R1K w - - 0 1
[ Qh5 if Be7 Bxh7+ mates ]

d)
White Mates in 9. Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Jouy, Paris, 1838
r1bq1kr1/pppp2pp/8/4n1N1/8/1Q6/P4PPP/b1B2RK1 w - - 0 1
[ Nxh7+ Ke8 Qxg8+ Ke7 Bg5+ Kd6 Rd1+ ]

e)
White Mates in 2. Henry Buckle vs Amateur, London, 1840
r2qkb1r/pp2nppp/3p4/2pNN1B1/2BnP3/3P4/PPP2PPP/R2bK2R w KQkq - 0 1
[ Nf6+ ]

1800's Puzzles, Part III. White to move and win except where noted.
a)
T Van Der Lasa vs Karl Jaenisch, Berlin, 1842
r3kr2/pp2b3/4n1p1/2pp3p/8/1PN3B1/P1P3PP/4RR1K w - - 0 1
[ Rxf8 if Nxf8 Nxd5 ]

b)
John Cochrane vs Howard Staunton, London, 1842
3r2k1/5p1p/4nRp1/3B4/8/3Q2P1/1qP3KP/8 w - - 0 1
[ Rxe6 ]

c)
Pierre Saint Amant vs Howard Staunton, Paris, 1843
3q1rk1/1br2ppp/p2bR3/1p1P1B2/1P6/P4p1P/1B1Q1PP1/4R1K1 w - - 0 1
[ Bf6 if gxf6 Rxd6 Qxd6 Qh6 mates ]

d)
Charles Stanley vs Emmanuel Rousseau, New Orleans, 1845
5rk1/pppr1pp1/2n1q2p/4p3/6Q1/P2PP1NP/1PP3P1/R4R1K w - - 0 1
[ Nf5 if Qg6 Nxh6+ ]

e)
Charles Stanley vs Emmanuel Rousseau, New Orleans, 1845
8/RNrnk3/2r5/1Rp1p1p1/1pPp3p/3P1P1P/1P1K2P1/8 w - - 0 1
[ Na5 ]



1800's Puzzles, Part IV. White to move and win except where noted.
a)
Daniel Harrwitz vs Bernhard Horwitz, London, 1846
r3k2r/p1p1n1pp/2pb1p2/3qp3/3P2b1/2P2N2/PP1NQPPP/R1B2RK1 w kq - 0 1
[ c4 w/c5 ]

b)
White Mates in 3. Daniel Harrwitz vs Bernhard Horwitz, London, 1846
3q1r1k/2p4p/1p1pBrp1/p2Pp3/2PnP3/5PP1/PP1Q2K1/5R1R w - - 0 1
[ Rxh7+ w/Rh1+ ]

c)
Bernhard Horwitz vs Howard Staunton, London, 1846
6k1/1p2n1pp/pB1R1p2/P3pP2/1P2P1P1/2r5/4K2P/8 w - - 0 1
[ Rd8+ Kf7 Bc5 w/Rd7 ]

d)
Alexander Petroff vs Szimansky, Warsaw, 1846
3r4/p2q2p1/1p4kp/1Q1B1p2/2Pn4/6PP/P4PK1/4R3 w - - 0 1
[ Qb2 if Nc6 Re6+ Kh7 Qe5 ]

e)
White Mates in 4. Lionel Kieseritzky vs I Calvi, Paris, 1847
r3Rb1r/8/1np2k2/1p1p1NNp/pP1P2pP/P4P2/B1P2K2/2B5 w - - 0 1
[ Re6+ Kxf5 Bb1 ]

1800's Puzzles, Part V. White to move and win except where noted.
a)
Alexander Petroff vs Szimansky, Warsaw, 1847
rn2k2r/pp2nppp/2p1q3/b7/2p1N3/P4B2/1P2QPPP/R1BR2K1 w kq - 0 1
[ Bg4 Qg6 Bf5 if Qxf5 Nd6+ or if Nxf5 Nf6+ mates ]

b)
Daniel Harrwitz vs Bernhard Horwitz, Brighton, 1849
r5k1/pppq1ppp/1n3b2/2R5/3P4/P2QB1Pr/1P3PK1/1B3R2 w - - 0 1
[ Qf5 if Qxf5 Rxf5 ]

c)
White Mates in 7. Bernhard Horwitz vs Daniel Harrwitz, Brighton, 1849
2r2r2/1b1pQ3/p6k/1p3p2/6p1/P5R1/1qB2NP1/2R3K1 w - - 0 1
[ Nxg4+ fxg4 Qh7+ Kg5 Qg6+ ]

d)
White Mates in 5. Paul Morphy vs A Morphy, New Orleans, 1849
3r2k1/pp1r4/1b3Q1P/5B2/8/8/P4PK1/3q4 w - - 0 1
[ h7+ Rxh7 Be6+ ]

e)
Paul Morphy vs Emmanuel Rousseau, New Orleans, 1849
rnbk1bBr/pp6/2p4p/2qp4/5pQP/2N5/PPPP2P1/R1BKR3 w - - 0 1
[ Re8+ Kxe8 Qxc8+ Ke7 Nxd5 if Kd6 Qc7# ]

f)
Black Mates in 5. Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1834
6k1/ppp3pp/1b1p3r/n2P4/4rq2/3Q3B/P4P2/R1B2R1K b - - 0 1
[ ...Be3 ]

g)
Black to move and win. Bernhard Horwitz vs Ludwig Bledow, Berlin, 1837
r1bn1rk1/ppp1q1pp/1b1p1n2/3Pp1B1/4N2N/2P4P/PP2BPP1/R2QK2R b - - 0 1
[ ...Nxe4 if Bxe7 Bxf2+ mates ]

1800's Puzzles, Part VI. Black to move and win except where noted.
a)
Black Mates in 3. H Popert vs John Cochrane, London, 1841
r2n1rk1/1ppb2pp/1p1p4/3Ppq1n/2B3P1/2P4P/PP1N1P1K/R2Q1RN1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Qxf2+ ]

b)
Emmanuel Rousseau vs Charles Stanley, New Orleans, 1845
r4rk1/pp4pp/2p3p1/2PpP3/1P4b1/P3P3/4NqPP/R1BQR2K b - - 0 1
[ ...Bxe2 ]

c)
Bernhard Horwitz vs Daniel Harrwitz, London, 1846
r1bb1rk1/ppp3pp/6q1/3P1p2/5Pn1/1P1B3P/P1N3P1/R1BQ1RK1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Qb6+ Kh1 Nf2+ ]

d)
Bernhard Horwitz vs Howard Staunton, London, 1846
1rb1r1k1/3p1n1p/ppq1p1p1/4Pp2/PbBB1P2/1PN3PP/2PRQ2K/3R4 b - - 0 1
[ ...Bxc3 Bxc3 b5 ]

e)
Elijah Williams vs Daniel Harrwitz, London, 1846
3r2k1/5ppp/1bp5/8/2P2P2/5KNP/Pr4P1/R4R2 b - - 0 1
[ ...Rd3+ Kg4 Rxg2 Rf3 h5+ ]

1800's Puzzles, Part VII. Black to move and win except where noted.
a)
Black Mates in 3. J Schulten vs Bernhard Horwitz, London, 1846
rn3rk1/p5pp/2p5/3Ppb2/2q5/1Q6/PPPB2PP/R3K1NR b - - 0 1
[ ...Qf1+ Kxf1 Bd3+ ]

b)
Adolf Anderssen vs Daniel Harrwitz, Breslau, 1848
r6r/p1q3p1/2n3kp/1p2pb2/4NP2/8/PP2Q1PP/R1B2RK1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Nd4 Qd3 Qc6 if Re1 Nc2 ]

c)
Daniel Harrwitz vs Adolf Anderssen, Breslau, 1848
1k1r4/ppp1qp2/1n6/3nRQ2/5P2/1B4N1/PPP5/2K5 b - - 0 1
[ ...Ne3 if Qh5 Qd6 ]

d)
Bernhard Horwitz vs Daniel Harrwitz, Brighton, 1849
r4rk1/4n2p/1bp5/B2pR2q/QP6/5N1P/P5P1/5R1K b - - 0 1
[ ...Qxe5 Nxe5 Rxf1+ Kh2 Bc7 ]

e)
S Nathan vs Adolf Anderssen, Berlin, 1850
2r1q3/pp4k1/3b1p1r/4n2p/3P1NpP/2P2pK1/PPQN4/R1B1R3 b - - 0 1
[ ...Nd3 if Qxd3 Qxe1+ mates or if Rxe8 Bxf4# ]

f)
Black Mates in 3. NN vs Henry Bird, England, 1850
N1bk4/pp1p1Qpp/8/2b5/3n3q/8/PPP2RPP/RNB1rBK1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Ne2+ if Kh1 Ng3+ or Rxf1+ ]

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