'Characteristic Puzzles in the Opening' series



Here are some chess puzzles from the games of 1800-50.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.

Solutions are between the brackets under each puzzle.
Drag your cursor from one bracket to the other.
Puzzles of 1800-1850 Print Version Available

a)
White mates in 2.
Henry Buckle vs Amateur, London, 1840
r2qkb1r/pp2nppp/3p4/2pNN1B1/2BnP3/3P4/PPP2PPP/R2bK2R w KQkq - 0 1
[ Nf6+ gxf6 Bxf7# ]

b)
White mates in 3.
Napoleon I vs Madame de Remusat, Rueil, 1804
r1bq1b1r/ppp4p/2n3pn/3kp3/4N3/5Q1P/PPPP1PP1/R1B1KB1R w - - 0 1
[ Bc4+ if Kxc4 Qb3+ Kd4 Qd3# ]

c)
White mates in 3.
William Evans vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1826
r3k2r/ppp2Npp/1b5n/4p2b/2B1P2q/BQP2P2/P5PP/RN5K w kq - 0 1
[ Bb5+ c3 Qe6+ ]

d)
White mates in 3.
William Evans vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1829
r1b3kr/ppp1Bp1p/1b6/n2P4/2p3q1/2Q2N2/P4PPP/RN2R1K1 w - - 0 1
[ Qxh8+ Kxh8 Bf6+ Qg7 Re8+ ]

e)
White mates in 3.
Daniel Harrwitz vs Bernhard Horwitz, London, 1846
3q1r1k/2p4p/1p1pBrp1/p2Pp3/2PnP3/5PP1/PP1Q2K1/5R1R w - - 0 1
[ Rxh7+ Kxh7 Rh1+ ]


mate in 3
Napoleon I vs Madame de Remusat

1800's Puzzles, Part II.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.
a)
Black mates in 3.
H Popert vs John Cochrane, London, 1841
r2n1rk1/1ppb2pp/1p1p4/3Ppq1n/2B3P1/2P4P/PP1N1P1K/R2Q1RN1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Qxf2+ Rxf2 Rxf2+ Kh1 Ng3# ]

b)
Black mates in 3.
J Schulten vs Bernhard Horwitz, London, 1846
rn3rk1/p5pp/2p5/3Ppb2/2q5/1Q6/PPPB2PP/R3K1NR b - - 0 1
[ ...Qf1+ Kxf1 Bd3+ Ke1 Rf1# ]

c)
Black mates in 3.
NN vs Henry Bird, England, 1850
N1bk4/pp1p1Qpp/8/2b5/3n3q/8/PPP2RPP/RNB1rBK1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Ne2+ if Kh1 Ng3+ or Rxf1+ ]

d)
White mates in 4.
Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1834
r2q1rk1/pp5R/3p4/n2PNb2/2p5/2Q4P/P1B3PK/R7 w - - 0 1
[ Nf7 if Kxh7 Bxf5+ or if Bxh7 Nh6# ]

e)
White mates in 4.
Lionel Kieseritzky vs I Calvi, Paris, 1847
r3Rb1r/8/1np2k2/1p1p1NNp/pP1P2pP/P4P2/B1P2K2/2B5 w - - 0 1
[ Re6+ Kxf5 Bb1 if Nc4 c3# ]


mate in 3
J Schulten vs Bernhard Horwitz

1800's Puzzles, Part III.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.
a)
White mates in 5.
Napoleon I vs General Bertrand, St Helena, 1818
r1bk2Br/1pppb1pp/8/p3P3/4P3/1Q6/P5PP/qNB2R1K w - - 0 1
[ Rf8+ Bxf8 Bg5+ Be7 Bxe7+ ]

b)
White mates in 5.
Paul Morphy vs A Morphy, New Orleans, 1849
3r2k1/pp1r4/1b3Q1P/5B2/8/8/P4PK1/3q4 w - - 0 1
[ h7+ Rxh7 Be6+ Rf7 Bxf7+ Kf8 Be6+ ]

c)
Black mates in 5.
Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1834
6k1/ppp3pp/1b1p3r/n2P4/4rq2/3Q3B/P4P2/R1B2R1K b - - 0 1
[ ...Be3 if Bxe3 Rxh3+ or if Kg2 Rxh3 Kxh3 Qf3+ ]

d)
White mates in 7.
Bernhard Horwitz vs Daniel Harrwitz, Brighton, 1849
2r2r2/1b1pQ3/p6k/1p3p2/6p1/P5R1/1qB2NP1/2R3K1 w - - 0 1
[ Nxg4+ fxg4 Qh4+ Kg7 Qxg4+ Kf6 Re1 ]

e)
White mates in 9.
Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Jouy, Paris, 1838
r1bq1kr1/pppp2pp/8/4n1N1/8/1Q6/P4PPP/b1B2RK1 w - - 0 1
[ Nxh7+ if Ke8 Qxg8+ Ke7 Bg5+ Kd6 Rd1+ or if Ke7 Bg5+ Kd6 Rd1+ ]


mate in 5
Napoleon I vs General Bertrand

1800's Puzzles, Part IV.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.
a)
Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1834
4r1k1/2R1P1p1/p2p3p/p2r1nN1/N2b1p2/7P/P4PP1/4R1K1 w - - 0 1
[ Rc8 ]

b)
Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell, London, 1834
r1b2k1r/pp6/3p2R1/4bP1p/2B5/2N2p2/PP5P/2K3R1 w - - 0 1
[ Rg8+ Rxg8 Rxg8+ Ke7 Nd5+ if Kd7 Bb5# or if Kf7 Nb6+ ]

c)
Alexander MacDonnell vs Louis De La Bourdonnais, London, 1834
r1bq1rk1/pp1p2pp/2n1p3/2b5/8/2NB4/PPP2PPP/R1BQ1R1K w - - 0 1
[ Qh5 if Be7 Bxh7+ mates ]

d)
T Van Der Lasa vs Karl Jaenisch, Berlin, 1842
r3kr2/pp2b3/4n1p1/2pp3p/8/1PN3B1/P1P3PP/4RR1K w - - 0 1
[ Rxf8 if Nxf8 Nxd5 ]

e)
John Cochrane vs Howard Staunton, London, 1842
3r2k1/5p1p/4nRp1/3B4/8/3Q2P1/1qP3KP/8 w - - 0 1
[ Rxe6 ]


Louis De La Bourdonnais vs Alexander MacDonnell

1800's Puzzles, Part V.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.
a)
Pierre Saint Amant vs Howard Staunton, Paris, 1843
3q1rk1/1br2ppp/p2bR3/1p1P1B2/1P6/P4p1P/1B1Q1PP1/4R1K1 w - - 0 1
[ Bf6 if gxf6 Rxd6 Qxd6 Qh6 mates ]

b)
Charles Stanley vs Emmanuel Rousseau, New Orleans, 1845
5rk1/pppr1pp1/2n1q2p/4p3/6Q1/P2PP1NP/1PP3P1/R4R1K w - - 0 1
[ Nf5 if Qg6 Nxh6+ ]

c)
Charles Stanley vs Emmanuel Rousseau, New Orleans, 1845
8/RNrnk3/2r5/1Rp1p1p1/1pPp3p/3P1P1P/1P1K2P1/8 w - - 0 1
[ Na5 ]

d)
Daniel Harrwitz vs Bernhard Horwitz, London, 1846
r3k2r/p1p1n1pp/2pb1p2/3qp3/3P2b1/2P2N2/PP1NQPPP/R1B2RK1 w kq - 0 1
[ c4 w/c5 ]

e)
Bernhard Horwitz vs Howard Staunton, London, 1846
6k1/1p2n1pp/pB1R1p2/P3pP2/1P2P1P1/2r5/4K2P/8 w - - 0 1
[ Rd8+ Kf7 Bc5 w/Rd7 ]


Charles Stanley vs Emmanuel Rousseau

1800's Puzzles, Part VI.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.
a)
Alexander Petroff vs Szimansky, Warsaw, 1846
3r4/p2q2p1/1p4kp/1Q1B1p2/2Pn4/6PP/P4PK1/4R3 w - - 0 1
[ Qb2 if Nc6 Re6+ Kh7 Rxc6 ]

b)
Alexander Petroff vs Szimansky, Warsaw, 1847
rn2k2r/pp2nppp/2p1q3/b7/2p1N3/P4B2/1P2QPPP/R1BR2K1 w kq - 0 1
[ Bg4 Qg6 Bf5 if Qxf5 Nd6+ or if Nxf5 Nf6+ mates ]

c)
Daniel Harrwitz vs Bernhard Horwitz, Brighton, 1849
r5k1/pppq1ppp/1n3b2/2R5/3P4/P2QB1Pr/1P3PK1/1B3R2 w - - 0 1
[ Qf5 if Qxf5 Rxf5 ]

d)
Paul Morphy vs Emmanuel Rousseau, New Orleans, 1849
rnbk1bBr/pp6/2p4p/2qp4/5pQP/2N5/PPPP2P1/R1BKR3 w - - 0 1
[ Re8+ Kxe8 Qxc8+ Ke7 Nxd5 if Kd6 Qc7# ]

e)
Bernhard Horwitz vs Ludwig Bledow, Berlin, 1837
r1bn1rk1/ppp1q1pp/1b1p1n2/3Pp1B1/4N2N/2P4P/PP2BPP1/R2QK2R b - - 0 1
[ ...Nxe4 if Bxe7 Bxf2+ Kf1 Ng3# ]


Paul Morphy vs Emmanuel Rousseau

1800's Puzzles, Part VII.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.
a)
Emmanuel Rousseau vs Charles Stanley, New Orleans, 1845
r4rk1/pp4pp/2p3p1/2PpP3/1P4b1/P3P3/4NqPP/R1BQR2K b - - 0 1
[ ...Bxe2 if Qxe2 Qxe2 Rxe2 Rf1# ]

b)
Bernhard Horwitz vs Daniel Harrwitz, London, 1846
r1bb1rk1/ppp3pp/6q1/3P1p2/5Pn1/1P1B3P/P1N3P1/R1BQ1RK1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Qb6+ Kh1 Nf2+ ]

c)
Elijah Williams vs Daniel Harrwitz, London, 1846
3r2k1/5ppp/1bp5/8/2P2P2/5KNP/Pr4P1/R4R2 b - - 0 1
[ ...Rd3+ Kg4 Rxg2 Rf3 h5+ ]

d)
Adolf Anderssen vs Daniel Harrwitz, Breslau, 1848
r6r/p1q3p1/2n3kp/1p2pb2/4NP2/8/PP2Q1PP/R1B2RK1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Nd4 Qd3 Qc6 if Re1 Nc2 ]


Adolf Anderssen vs Daniel Harrwitz

1800's Puzzles, Part VIII.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.
a)
Daniel Harrwitz vs Adolf Anderssen, Breslau, 1848
1k1r4/ppp1qp2/1n6/3nRQ2/5P2/1B4N1/PPP5/2K5 b - - 0 1
[ ...Ne3 if Qh5 Qd6 ]

b)
Bernhard Horwitz vs Daniel Harrwitz, Brighton, 1849
r4rk1/4n2p/1bp5/B2pR2q/QP6/5N1P/P5P1/5R1K b - - 0 1
[ ...Qxe5 Nxe5 Rxf1+ Kh2 Bc7 ]

c)
S Nathan vs Adolf Anderssen, Berlin, 1850
2r1q3/pp4k1/3b1p1r/4n2p/3P1NpP/2P2pK1/PPQN4/R1B1R3 b - - 0 1
[ ...Nd3 if Qxd3 Qxe1+ mates or if Rxe8 Bxf4# ]


Bernhard Horwitz vs Daniel Harrwitz

Back to the Index