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Here are some chess puzzles from notable games of the 1850's.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.

Solutions are between the brackets under each puzzle.
Drag your cursor from one bracket to the other.

a)
White mates in 3.
Adolf Anderssen vs G Lepge, Leipzig, 1855
1q2r3/k4p2/prQ2b1p/R7/1PP1B1p1/6P1/P5K1/8 w - - 0 1
[ Rxa6+ Rxa6 Qd7+ ]

b)
White mates in 3.
Adolf Anderssen vs Daniel Harrwitz, Manchester, 1857
5Qn1/6r1/q2p2pk/3p2Np/3NP2P/5PR1/P1K5/8 w - - 0 1
[ Nf5+ gxf5 Nf7+ ]

c)
White mates in 3.
Paul Morphy vs T Lichtenhein, New York, 1857
r2r4/pQ4pp/2pN4/k7/5B2/8/PPq4p/R6K w - - 0 1
[ Bd2+ if Qxd2 Nc4+ or if Qc3 b3 ]

d)
White mates in 4.
Claus Pitschel vs Adolf Anderssen, Leipzig, 1851
r5rk/2p1Nppp/3p3P/pp2p1P1/4P3/2qnPQK1/8/R6R w - - 0 1
[ hxg7+ Rxg7 Rxh7+ Rxh7 Qf6+ ]

e)
White mates in 4.
Adolf Anderssen vs Jean Dufresne, Berlin, 1852
1r2k1r1/pbppnp1p/1b3P2/8/Q7/B1PB1q2/P4PPP/3R2K1 w - - 0 1
[ Qxd7+ Kxd7 Bf5+ Ke8 Bd7+ Kf8 Bxe7# ]

1e)
mate in 4
Adolf Anderssen vs Jean Dufresne

1850's Puzzles, Part II.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.

a)
White mates in 4.
Ignac Kolisch vs Centurini, Geneva, 1859
2k4r/1r1q2pp/QBp2p2/1p6/8/8/P4PPP/2R3K1 w - - 0 1
[ Qa8+ Rb8 Rxc6+ Qc7 Rxc7+ ]

b)
White mates in 4.
Paul Morphy vs Samuel Boden, London, 1859
2r1r3/p3P1k1/1p1pR1Pp/n2q1P2/8/2p4P/P4Q2/1B3RK1 w - - 0 1
[ f6+ if Kh8 g7+ Kg8 f7+ ]

c)
White mates in 4.
Paul Morphy vs B Smyth, Philadelphia, 1859
7k/p1p2R2/1p2n2r/1q1pP1p1/2nP2Qp/2P4P/P5P1/1B3RK1 w - - 0 1
[ Qxe6 Rxe6 Rf8+ Kg7 R1f7+ ]

d)
White mates in 4.
Jules De Riviere vs Journoux, Paris, 1860
r1bk3r/pppq1ppp/5n2/4N1N1/2Bp4/Bn6/P4PPP/4R1K1 w - - 0 1
[ Nexf7+ Qxf7 Nxf7+ Kd7 Bb5+ c6 Re7# ]

e)
Black mates in 5.
Carl Mayet vs Adolf Anderssen, Berlin, 1851
r2qk2r/ppp2pp1/2p5/4N3/3bQ3/2P3p1/PP3PP1/RNB2RK1 b kq - 0 1
[ ...Bxf2+ Rxf2 Rh1+ Kxh1 Qd1+ ]

2e)
mate in 5
Carl Mayet vs Adolf Anderssen

1850's Puzzles, Part III.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.

a)
White mates in 5.
Adolf Anderssen vs Carl Mayet, Berlin, 1855
r1bk4/ppp3bp/2np4/3NP3/2B2R2/8/PPP1K1PP/5R2 w - - 0 1
[ Rf8+ if Bxf8 Rxf8+ Kd7 Nf6+ or if Kd7 R1f7+ ]

b)
White mates in 5.
Paul Morphy vs Forde, New Orleans, 1858
r1bqr3/ppp1B1kp/1b4p1/n2B4/3PQ1P1/2P5/P4P1P/RN4K1 w - - 0 1
[ Qe5+ Kh6 g5+ Kh5 Bf3+ Bg4 Qg3 ]

c)
White mates in 5.
Paul Morphy vs Jacques Baucher, Paris, 1858
r1q3r1/1ppQ2pk/3bNp1p/p3pP2/P3P3/2N4R/1PP3PP/3R2K1 w - - 0 1
[ Rxh6+ Kxh6 Rd3 if Kh5 Qf7+ g6 Qh7+ ]

d)
White mates in 5.
Adolf Anderssen vs B Suhle, Breslau, 1860
2rqnrk1/pp3ppp/1b1p4/3p2Q1/2n1P3/3B1P2/PB2NP1P/R5RK w - - 0 1
[ Qxg7+ Nxg7 Rxg7+ Kh8 Rg8+ ]

e)
Black mates in 5.
M Wyvill vs Adolf Anderssen, London, 1851
5rk1/p2p3r/1p2pn2/2pPqpp1/P1P1n3/B1PQP1P1/6KP/3R1RN1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Rxh2+ Kxh2 Ng4+ if Kh1 Qh8+ ]

3e)
mate in 5
M Wyvill vs Adolf Anderssen

1850's Puzzles, Part IV.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.

a)
Black mates in 5.
Louis Paulsen vs Paul Morphy, New York, 1857
r6k/p1Q4p/2p1b1rq/4p3/B3P3/4P3/PPP3P1/4RRK1 b - - 0 1
[ ...Rxg2+ Kxg2 Qh3+ Kg1 Rg8+ ]

b)
White mates in 6.
Adolf Anderssen vs Carl Mayet, Berlin, 1851
r1b2r2/pp4k1/1bpp1q1p/6pQ/2B2Np1/2P5/P5PP/R1B1R2K w - - 0 1
[ Re7+ if Qxe7 Qg6+ or if Rf7 Rxf7+ ]

c)
White mates in 6.
Paul Morphy vs Carr, Birmingham, 1858
r4r2/2p2pk1/b1n1pN2/p1p1P1B1/2p5/5R2/PPB3PP/RN4K1 w - - 0 1
[ Bh6+ Kxh6 Rh3+ Kg5 Rh5+ Kf4 Kf2 ]

d)
Black mates in 6.
Ilia Shumov vs Karl Jaenisch, St Petersburg, 1854
r3k3/pQ3prp/2p1bq2/8/2pb4/8/PP3PPP/RNB2RK1 b q - 0 1
[ ...Rxg2+ if Kh1 Rxh2+ Kxh2 Qh4+ or if Kxg2 Qg6+ ]

e)
White mates in 7.
Paul Morphy vs Thomas Bryan, New York, 1859
r4k1r/p1p2ppp/1bN1b3/4P3/Q5qP/2P5/P4PP1/RN3RK1 w - - 0 1
[ Qa3+ if Kg8 Ne7+ ]

4c)
mate in 6
Paul Morphy vs Carr

1850's Puzzles, Part V.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.

a)
Black mates in 7.
J Schulten vs Paul Morphy, New York, 1857
r2q2k1/pp3ppp/8/8/2Pn1Pn1/3P4/P1PBb1PP/RQ4KR b - - 0 1
[ ...Nf3+ gxf3 Qd4+ Kg2 Qf2+ Kh3 Qf3+ ]

b)
White mates in 9.
Max Lange vs Adolf Anderssen, Breslau, 1859
r1b4r/p1p3Q1/1pk1p3/1q6/3p1B2/2b5/P4PPP/2R2RK1 w - - 0 1
[ Rxc3+ if dxc3 Qxc7+ Kd5 Rd1+ Ke4 f3+ ]

c)
Adolf Anderssen vs Johann Lowenthal, London, 1851
rnbk3b/p1pp1p2/8/1B1NP3/3P1B1q/6n1/PPP3P1/R2Q2K1 w - - 0 1
[ Bxg3 Qxg3 Qh5 if Qg7 Qh4+ ]

d)
James Warner vs Laroche, Paris, 1851
rnbq1rk1/p1p1nppp/3p4/1pb3N1/4P3/1BP5/P4PPP/RNBQ1RK1 w - - 0 1
[ Qh5 h6 Nxf7 if Qd7 or Qe8 Nxh6+ mates ]

e)
Rainer vs Wilhelm Steinitz, Vienna, 1860
r2q2rk/ppp4p/3p4/2b2Q2/3pPPR1/2P2n2/PP3P1P/RNB4K b - - 0 1
[ ...Qh4 if Rg2 Qxh2+ Rxh2 Rg1# or if Kg2 dxc3 ]

5a)
mate in 7
J Schulten vs Paul Morphy

1850's Puzzles, Part VI.
The color disk on the diagram indicates who moves first.

a)
Paul Morphy vs A Meek, Alabama, 1855
rnb3kr/pp2q2p/2pp4/6P1/3PPQp1/2N5/PPP3P1/4RRK1 w - - 0 1
[ Nd5 cxd5 exd5 if Be6 Rxe6 mates ]

b)
Louis Paulsen vs Paul Morphy, New York, 1857
3rk3/2pbb3/p1p1r3/2P1Pp2/BP4pp/P2R4/4N1PP/3R3K w - - 0 1
[ Nf4 if Rxe5 Rxd7 Rxd7 Bxc6 or if Rh6 e6 ]

c)
Paul Morphy vs Adolf Anderssen, Paris, 1858
3r1kr1/1p3p1p/p3bq2/1p1pR1p1/3P4/2N1R3/PP3PPP/3Q2K1 w - - 0 1
[ Rxe6 fxe6 Rf3 ]

d)
Jean Dufresne vs Adolf Anderssen, Berlin, 1851
r2qk2r/p1pb1ppp/1bp5/3pP3/1P1NnP2/8/P1P3PP/RNBQ1RK1 b kq - 0 1
[ ...Bg4 if Qd3 Be2 Qxe2 Bxd4+ ]

e)
Adolf Anderssen vs Paul Morphy, Paris, 1858
4r1r1/1ppk3p/p2b2q1/3P1pBb/7P/2NP1pP1/PPP2Q1R/R4K2 b - - 0 1
[ ...h6 if Bf4 Bxf4 gxf4 Re2 Nxe2 fxe2+ or if Be3 Bxg3 ]

f)
Schulder vs Samuel Boden, London, 1860
2k1rb1r/ppp3pp/2np1q2/5b2/2B5/2P1BQ2/PP1N1P1P/2KR3R b - - 0 1
[ ...d5 if Bxd5 or Bb3 Qxc3+ mates ]

6d)
Jean Dufresne vs Adolf Anderssen

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